Unani Name

Inab-us-Salab/ Makoh / Mako

Common Name

Black nightshade, Deadly nightshade, Garden nightshade, Wonder berry

Temperament of the Drug

(Cold 2° and Dry 2°)

Scientific Name/ Botanical Name

Solanum nigram Linn.

Parts used

Fruits/ whole plant

Actions/ Therapeutic Uses

It has many health benefits. It is used both as food and medicine. It is Anti-tumorigenic, Antioxidant, Anti- inflammatory, Analgesic, Anti-asthmatic, Anti-bacterial, Hepatoprotective, Diuretic, Anti-dysenteric, Appetizer, Astringent, Blood Purifier, Cathartic, Cholagogue, Demulcent and Antipyretic. Specially used in the treatment of viral hepatitis, Jaundice, Visceral inflammations, Gastric inflammations, Gout, Ear pain, Cough and Cold, Convulsions, Dropsy, Cervical carcinoma, General Debility, Flatulence, Fever, Peptic ulcers. etc.  This plant's leaves are specially used to treat mouth ulcers. Poultice of the leaves are also applied to burns and considered good for ulcers.

Important Formulations

Arq-e- Mako, Arq-e- Murawwaqain, Arq-e- Baranjaasif, Arq-e- Gaz, Arq-e- Ma-ul-  Jubn, Arq-e- Ma-ul- Lahm Mako Kansi wala, Dawa-e- Aabzan, Kushta Raskapur, Rooh-e-Mako, Sharbat-e- Baboonah, Zimaad-e- Mohallil, Zimaad-e- Kabid.


Arq-e- Mako 120 ml, Dried Fruit 5-7 gms., Juice of the leaves 48- 60 ml.


  • PUBLISHED DATE : Feb 02, 2016
  • PUBLISHED BY : Zahid
  • CREATED / VALIDATED BY : Dr. Mahtab Alam Khan
  • LAST UPDATED ON : Feb 02, 2016


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