Hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit in humans today. World over, it is the second leading cause for ‘Years lived with Disability (YLD)’ the first being depression. There are large number of hearing impaired young people in India which amounts to a severe loss of productivity, both physical and economic. An even larger percentage of our population suffers from milder degrees of hearing loss and unilateral (one sided) hearing loss against the above background, The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India launched the pilot phase of National Program for Prevention and Control of Deafness (from 2006 to 2008) in 10 States and 1 Union Territory in an effort to tackle the high incidence of deafness in the country , in view of the preventable nature of this disability. The Programme was a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme during 11th Five Year Plan. However, in as per the 12th Five Year Plan, the Centre and the States will have to pool in resources financial norms of NRHM mutas mutandis. The Programme was initiated in year 2007 on pilot mode in 25 districts of 11 State/UTs. The Programme has been expanded to 192 districts of 20 States/UTs. In the 12th Plan, it is proposed to expand the Programme to additional 200 districts in a phased manner probably covering all the States and Union territories by March, 2017.
Objectives of the Programme
1. To prevent the avoidable hearing loss on account of disease or injury.
2. Early identification, diagnosis and treatment of ear problems responsible for hearing loss and deafness
3. To medically rehabilitate persons of all age groups, suffering with deafness.
4. To strengthen the existing inter-sectoral linkages for continuity of the rehabilitation Program, for persons with deafness
5. To develop institutional capacity for ear care services by providing support for equipment and material and training personnel.
Reference : NPPCD