Development During Post Independence Period

Soon after independence the Unani System along with other Indian systems of medicine received a fresh boost under the patronage of the Central Government and its people. Government of India took several steps for the overall  development of this system. It passed laws to regulate and promote education and training. It established research institutions, testing laboratories and standardized regulations for the production of drugs and for its practice. Today the Unani system of medicine with its recognized practitioners, hospitals and educational and research institutions, forms an integral part of the national health care delivery system.
The Majeedi family of Delhi, particularly, Hakim Abdul Hameed (1908 – 1999) made valuable contribution towards modernization of Unani drug industry. He also established an Institute of History of Medicine and Medical Research (IHMMR) in New Delhi which later became a deemed university – the Jamia Hamdard.
The Government of India established a Central Council for Research in Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (CCRIMH) in 1969 to promote systematic scientific research in different Indian systems of medicine namely Ayurveda, Unani Medicine, Siddha, Yoga & Naturopathy and Homoeopathy. In 1978, the Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) was set up by dividing CCRIMH to give focused attention to research in Unani System. The CCRUM is functioning under the Department of AYUSH, and undertaking multi-dimensional research programme on clinical, pharmacological, fundamental and literary issues of Unani System of Medicine. Besides, the Council also undertakes ethnobotanical and medicinal plants surveys to harness the natural resources for healthcare. The CCRUM has over the past three and a half decade emerged as the leading organization of scientific research into various fundamental and applied aspects of Unani System of Medicine. Presently, 23 centres of the Council and many other institutions are engaged in research on Unani System of Medicine in different parts of the country. Under its clinical research programme, the Council has established scientifically the therapeutic efficacy of various Unani drugs, which were in use for centuries. The Council has taken up clinical trials on 43 drugs for 22 diseases, besides clinical validation of 50 pharmacopoeial drugs for 20 diseases and obtained significant leads in identifying effective treatment of Vitiligo (Baraṣ), Eczema (Nār Fārsī), Psoriasis (Dā ’ al-Ṣadaf), Hepatitis (Iltihāb-i Kabid),Filariasis (Dā’ al-Fīl), Diabetes mellitus (Dhayābī\us Sukkarī)Rheumatoid arthritis (Waja‘ al-Mafāṣil), Sinusitis (Iltihāb-i Tajāwīf-i Anf), Bronchial asthma (Ḍīq al-Nafas),etc. The Council has published many monographs, research reports, success stories and more than 300 scientific papers in reputed national and international journals. Under the literary research programme, classical books and manuscripts originally written in Arabic and Persian have been collated, edited, translated into Urdu and got published.
Research and development in Unani Medicine is by and large in the hands of Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). The Council has, over the past three and a half decades, emerged as the leading organization to bring out significant scientific outcomes and documents for reference and use in this field. Due to the leads obtained in clinical research, drug standardization, survey and cultivation of medicinal plants, and literary research, the contribution of CCRUM has been noticed worldwide. Grant of patents for innovative research outcomes and publication of research work in journals of international repute has brought laurels to the Council for its spirited engagement in scientific activities.
The education and training in Unani system of medicine are presently being monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which is a statutory body set up by an Act of Parliament known as Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970. One of the objectives of the Central Council of Indian Medicine is to prescribe minimum educational standards in Indian systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Tib.
Besides it advices the Central Government on matters relating to recognition (including withdrawal) of medical qualifications in the second schedule of the Indian Medicine Council Act, 1970. The undergraduate course in Unani Medicine leading to award of Kamil-e-Tib-o- Jarahat (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) is being governed by Indian Medicine Central Council Amendment Regulations 1995. Postgraduate courses leading to award of Mahir-e-Tib (Doctor of Medicine) and Mahire- Jarahat (Master of Surgery) are being governed by Indian Medicine Central Council Postgraduate Unani Education Regulations 2007.

  • PUBLISHED DATE : May 07, 2015
  • LAST UPDATED ON : May 07, 2015


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